How does the program work?
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Does the CSIP Work?
national identification ear tag is applied before an animal leaves its
flock of origin. As a minimum requirement the ear tag bears a visible
unique number and a "CA" logo. The numbers are assigned to tag
manufacturers and tags are distributed through authorized retail stores
and other distributors. The distribution centers maintain records of which
numbers went to which producers. This information is reported to a central
database maintained by the Canadian Cattle Identification Agency (CCIA).
At the packing plant the unique identification number is maintained up
to and including the point of carcass inspection.
Unlike the Canadian Cattle Identification Program, sheep producers are
required to keep records of the movement of animals. This decision was
made mainly to keep costs low for producers by not requiring the use of
barcoded tags, which are more expensive. These tags are scanned post slaughter
and their numbers are removed from the CCIA database. This indicates to
CFIA, in the event of a disease concern, that the animals with retired
tags are no longer in the food chain and are not the source of the concern.
In the sheep industry, however, the tags are not retired from the database.
In order to keep costs low for producers, the minimum required ear tag
is the Ketchum Kurl Lock # 3. Since, this tag is not machine readable,
it would be very costly to have these tags visually read at the point
of slaughter to retire them from the database. Instead, producers are
required to record the movement of breeding animals.
In the event of a health or safety issue involving an animal, the Canadian
Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) will be given access by the CCIA to the
record of the flock of origin. Using the records maintained by the producers,
CFIA will trace the movement of the animal from the flock of origin to
its last location to determine the source of the problem.
the vast majority of cases, when no health or safety issue is noted, the
unique individual ID will be accessed only when it is entered into the